Depalpur is famous in the history as an outpost that has played a significant part in the defense of
History of Depalpur dates back to ancient times. General Alexander Cunningham writes that the place figures out in works of Ptolemy under different names. As per the tradition, Depalpur was named after Raja Dipa Chand once he captured it.
Depalpur once used to be the first fortification in the way from Khyber to
Depalpur in the past was surrounded by a fortification wall, rising to the height of 25 feet and strengthened by a deep trench and other defenses. When and by whom this fort was constructed is not known.
But it was renovated, repaired and improved during the rule of Feroz Shah Tughlaq and later by Abdur Rahim Khan-e-Khanan who was the governor during the time of Akbar. Feroz Shah Tughlaq constructed a grand mosque, palaces and excavated a canal from river Sutlaj to inundate the trench and irrigate gardens around the town. Wide and airy tunnels linked the royal residential quarters inside the fort to the adjoining gardens outside. There were 24 burgs (musketry holes) on the fortification wall, 24 mosques, 24 bavlis (ponds) and 24 wells in the town in its hay days. The trench, ponds and tunnels have been filled but at places the location of the trench can still be defined. Most of the wall has been razed. Two of the four massive gateways with pointed arches also exist though they are badly damaged and their wooden doors have vanished. The coats of cement have marred the architectural importance of the gateways.
Inside the walled city that is a vital living part of Depalpur, dismayed, I looked around me and thought that I have entered a big and confused jungle of houses. The remains of once magnificent buildings of olden period adorned with beautiful wood engravings serve to relive the dullness of the domestic architecture. The whole area has a homogeneous urban texture that has survived for centuries. The narrow and winding streets lined by redeveloped and shoddily built new houses give Depalpur a mean and gloomy look. The old character of the city is eroding due to erection of new structures and unsuitable repairs.
Besides doors with decorated latches, jharokas, bay windows and cut brick works still surviving despite all odds, the most noticeable feature inside the old Depalpur, which reminds of the past prominence, is the monastery of Lal Jas Raj, a guru much venerated by the Hindus. As per the famous legend, Lal Jas Raj was young son of Raja Dipa Chand, the founder of Depalpur. The boy sank in the earth due to the curse of his stepmother Rani Dholran. Raja Dipa Chand constructed this monastery in the memory of his son. Today the dilapidated and empty chamber stands infested with bats and rats. Termite is eating its woodwork. I could not open the doors to the chamber because they are jammed and a stairway is serving as storage for dried dung cakes of the neighbors. The structure is crumbling. "There is nothing inside. There used to be a grand annual 'mela' here.
Hindus have been coming here to shave off the heads of their sons till after the partition but no body comes anymore," informed the residents who had gathered around me. Another noticeable building inside old Depalpur, which reminds of the bygone glory, is a saray (inn) near the monastery of Lal Jas Raj. The architects of the period when this inn was raised were familiar with use of space, element of design and response to climate. It was a spacious building with airy rooms on four sides, a big courtyard in the center and four arched entrances. The inn used to be functional and firm but now it is dark and dirty. It has been divided and subdivided by its occupants so many times that you cannot make out its original shape. Even the verandas have been clogged to create additional rooms. The best would have been if the inn remained in public use. This does not seem possible now.
Muslim saints have been coming to this area to spread the light of Islam. Hazrat Bahawal Haq commonly known as Bahawal Sher Qalandar came from
Mughal king Akbar along with his son Saleem and royal entourage stayed in Depalpur when he came to pay homage to saint Hazrat Farid Ghang Shakar in Pakpattan in 1578. Akbar named the corridor as 'Bari Doad' by combining the syllables of the names of two rivers (Beas and
(Guru Nanak Dev's gurudwara, south of village Dipalpur in district Mantgumari. When Guru Sahib visited this place and rested under a dried "Piple" tree, it came alive and turned healthy green. Nearby is the place where Guru Nanak Patshah cured Noranga named individual. )
Ref. Mahan Kosh. (History of Datt)
This village called Bhuman Shah is in the Jurisdiction of P.S. and Tehsil Dipalpur of district Okara. It is located at a distance of 24 kilometers from Dipalpur on Dipalpur-Haveli Lakha road. According to Bhai Kahan Singh Ji, Dashmesh Ji had given blessing to Bhai Bhuman, Shah that his langar would continue serving.
The shrine is built in the style of a big fort and inside this fort-like structure the Gurdwara of Baba Sri Chand, residence of Baba Bhuman Shah , the Samadh of various Mahants are located alongwith hundreds of rooms for visitors, langarkhana and the tank.
There are four big gates to enter this shrine and the walls are decorated with colourful pictures the sayings of Gurus. More than 1000 Ghumaon of agricultural land is endowed to shrine. This building is now in charge of the Evacuee Waqf Board. The present condition of the building is miserable, the walls have developed cracks and the roofs have collapsed. In case this building collapses in the time to come an invaluable treasure of art will also be destroyed with it.
Situated on the old bank of river
Sadly, our Archaeology Department is neither very keen to ‘discover the missing links of human evolution in this area nor in preservation of bits and pieces of history lying under the layers of time. Challenge of restoring the ancient Depalpur to its old magnificence might be too much, but the experts could carry out a survey to record the places having essential, historic, social and architectural value.
Historically Wrapped and Simply Romantic
"(1) All Muhammadans of Tahsil Pakpattan except Pathans, Mahtams of Tahsil Pakpattan, A rains, Mahtams, Jat Sikhs of Tahsil Dipalpur, Sayyads t Hujra of Tahsil Dipalpur. Cannot leave a legacy (to one of the: heirs without the consent of others).
(2 Khatris, Aroras of Tahsil Pakpattan, Sayyads of Dipalpur' Town.-Can give a legacy to one of the heirs with the consent of the other heirs. The fact that the property is ancestral or acquired makes no difference.
(3) Jat Sikhs, Kambojs, Pathans of Tahsil Pakpattan; Pathans, Moghals, Aroras of Tahsil Dipalpur .-Cannot give a legacy out of the; ancestral property but can do so out of the acquired property.
(4) Khatris of Tahsil Dipalpur.- The Saegal Khatris state that a man can give a legacy to anyone he likes. All the other Khatris state that he cannot deprive particular heir of his share, but that he has the right to give larger or smaller share to a particular heir than he would otherwise get if the property were distributed equally."
"(1) All Hindus and Musalman tribes of Tahsil Pakpattan and Sayyads, Pathans and Mogals of Tahsil Dipalpur .She (a widow) has full ownership but subject to the conditions, if any, mentioned in the legacy itself.
(2) All Hindu tribes of Tahsil Dipalpur.-She is only entitled to maintain herself out of it till second marriage or death.
(3) Arains, Jat Musalmans, Rajput Wattus, Rajput Musalmans, Qureshis of Tahsil Dipalpur.-Have no custom of wills and legacies.
(1) Khatris, Aroras (Dahra), Jat Sikhs of Tahsil Pakpattan, Sayyads of Hujra and Mustafabad; Pat hans, Mogals, Mahtams, Saegal Khatl'is of Tahsil Dipalpul'. A proprietor can dispose of by written directions his movable or immovable, ancestral or acquired property.
(2) All other Hindu tribes,' all Musalman tribes of Tahsil Pakpattan and Arol'as of Tahsil Dipalpur.-Can give by written directions his acquired property but not ancestral. Aroras of Tahsil Dipalpur state that he can dispose of it even verbally.
(3) Sayyads of Dipalpur Town.-Acquired property can be given to a man of any tribe, but the ancestral property he can only give to his near relatives who are entitled to it.
(4) Jat Sikhs of Tahsil Dipalpul'.-Can give movable but not immovable property.
(5) Khatris of Tahsil Dipalpur except Saegal got. If he has no children he can give the acquired property to anyone he likes, but the ancestral property he can only give to heirs.
(6) Arains of Tahsil Dipalpur.-Cannot give
"(1) Khatris, Arora (Dahre) of Tahsil Pakpattan,' Mahtams of Tahsil Dipalpur . Wherever he has such power, he can give as much Property as he likes without the consest of his heirs.
(2) Aroras (Utradhi, Jat Sikhs, Kambojs, Pathans of Tahsil Pakptattan, Sayyads, Mogals, Pat hans, Khatris. Aroras of Tahsil Pakpattan.-He can give away as much of his acquired property as he likes, but not the ancestral property. No one's consent is necessary. The above mentioned tribes of Pakpattan Tahsil can give even the ancestral property if the reversioners agree.
(3) Mahtams and all Musalman tribes, except Pathans of Tahsil Pakpattan. Can give acquired property as he likes. He has no power to give away any portion of the ancestral property or interfere with the size of the legal shares of each heir even if the heirs agree to it.
(4) A rains, Jat Musalmans, Rajput Musalmans, Rajput Wattus, Qureshis, Kambojs.-Have no such custom."
Pathans of Dipalpur Tahsil. By custom a will by a proprietor of his acquired estate is valid.